How to Get Rid of Dark Spots on Face
Discover how to get rid of dark spots on face and what causes them to occur in the first place. Dark spots are usually the aftermath of an acne breakout, sun exposure, and hormonal changes. Otherwise known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) and in some cases, melasma, dark spots can indeed be frustrating but the good news is, also treatable.
If you’re wondering how to remove dark spots on face fast we’ve got some treatment options for you. Ahead, our full guide on dealing with dark spots and the best treatments for dark spots.
What are Dark Spots?
Dark spots are areas of pigmentation that form on the skin. They occur with the overproduction of melanin—the pigment that gives skin its color. When melanin is overproduced, patches of skin can become darker than the surrounding skin. Dark spots typically appear on the face, hands, and chest.
While dark spots on face are common, they can be difficult to deal with. Fortunately, there are plenty of treatments you can try to even out your complexion.
What Causes Dark Spots on Face?
In order to know how to get rid of dark spots on face it’s worth knowing how to avoid them in the first place. Here are some of the most common causes of dark spots on face.
Most dark spots are a result of sun exposure. Especially if you don’t slather on the SPF before going out, you’ll be more likely to end up with discoloration.
Prolonged exposure to UV rays triggers an increase in melanin production, leading to the formation of dark spots. This is why areas that are frequently exposed to sunlight, such as the face, hands, and shoulders are commonly affected.
“Sometimes, the sun causes an uneven increase in melanin production. This excess melanin gets clumped up and spills in between skin cells, giving the appearance of dark spots,” board-certified dermatologist Dr. Michele Green tells Vogue.
Inflammation caused by acne triggers an overproduction of melanin, resulting in dark spots on face. When the skin heals, these dark spots appear, especially in those with darker skin tones. That’s one of the reasons dermatologists always tell you to never pick your pimples. Besides causing acne scars, it can also cause dark spots to form.
Hormonal changes, such as those occurring during pregnancy, contraceptive use, and hormone replacement therapy, can contribute to the development of dark spots on the face. Skin conditions like melasma typically arise due to hormonal changes, leading to dark spots and hyperpigmentation.
Before we get into how to treat dark spots on face you should know that dark spots are a common part of aging. As we age, the distribution of melanin can become less even, leading to an accumulation of pigmentation in certain areas, causing dark spots to form.
How to Get Rid of Dark Spots on Face
Want to know how to remove dark spots on face fast? Here’s how to minimize the appearance of dark spots on your face.
#1: Exfoliating Acids
Chemical exfoliators in the form of cleansers or serums are go-to dark spot brightening solutions that you can easily work into your skincare routine. Some of the best exfoliating acids include glycolic acid, lactic acid, and salicylic acid. These all work to remove dead skin cells and even out skin tone while unclogging pores and brightening the skin.
If you have dry or sensitive skin, opt for skincare products that contain lactic and glycolic acids. Those with oily or acne-prone skin would be better off with salicylic acid which penetrates a little deeper and specifically targets acne-causing bacteria.
By removing the top surface layer of skin, these exfoliating acids help new skin to grow and reduce the appearance of any discoloration.
Truly’s 24K Gold Black Soap Luxury Impurity Cleanser
You’ll find salicylic acid in Truly’s 24K Gold Black Soap Luxury Impurity Cleanser. This luxe cleanser gently exfoliates the skin with sugar and BHA to buff away uneven skin for the clearest, smoothest complexion.
One of the best ways for how to get rid of dark spots on face fast? Reach for retinoids, or more specifically, retinol. Retinol is a great over-the-counter treatment for dark spots on face. This powerful anti-aging ingredient removes the top layer of skin, revealing fresh skin cells over time which can help to fade dark spots. Retinol also speeds up cell turnover, which helps to fade post inflammatory hyperpigmentation faster.
That being said, this ingredient can be drying and make the skin more sensitive to UV rays. For that reason, it’s best to use retinol sparingly (especially when you first start using it) and only apply it in the evening.
Truly’s Vegan Collagen Booster Set
You’ll find retinol in Truly’s Vegan Collagen Booster Set, which features a facial cleanser, serum, mask, plus a body polish and butter all packed full of retinol, vitamin C, and plant collagen booster to plump and minimize dark spots.
#3: Vitamin C
From age spots to dullness, vitamin C boasts numerous benefits for your skin. This powerful antioxidant helps reduce the appearance of dark spots on face by intercepting the overproduction of new melanin while making the skin appear brighter and more even. You’ll find vitamin C in everything from cleansers to serums, masks to lotions, and more.
When applied topically, vitamin C aids in reducing dark spots through its potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. As a powerful antioxidant, it helps neutralize free radicals generated by factors like UV exposure and pollution, which contribute to skin discoloration.
#4: Chemical Peels
Chemical peels can be effective for treating dark spots on face. They involve the application of a chemical solution to the skin, which exfoliates the outer layer, leading to the regeneration of new skin cells. This process can help improve skin texture, reduce fine lines, and address certain types of pigmentation issues, including dark spots.
However, the effectiveness of chemical peels for dark spots varies, and results may not be immediate. Multiple sessions may be required, and there can be some downtime with potential side effects such as redness and peeling. Other in-office treatments worth trying include microdermabrasion, microneedling, and laser treatments.
Best At-Home Dark Spot Treatments
Now you know the best ways for how to get rid of dark spots on face we’ve rounded up a few more of our favorite topical treatments.
Truly's Jelly Booster Pigment Potion
This discoloration correcting serum is an advanced formula of pomegranate extract and vitamin B12 that work in tandem to boost collagen production, spur skin cell regeneration, and improve the appearance of dark spots on face. People who try it love it.
Truly's Black Jelly Blemish Serum
A unique formulation that combats active acne as well as acne aftermath like scars and discoloration. It harnesses the antimicrobial powers of witch hazel, tea tree and black charcoal to draw out impurities while hydrating the skin and improving the appearance of dark spots.
Truly's Vegan Collagen Booster Facial Serum
What do you get when you blend retinol with vitamin C? Youthful, radiant skin. Vegan Collagen Booster Facial Serum contains a powerful blend of retinol, vitamin C, and plant collagen booster to support natural collagen production, spur cellular turnover, and protect against sun damage for a smooth, supple, and even complexion.
How to Prevent Dark Spots on Face
Now you know how to get rid of dark spots on face it’s also worth knowing how to avoid them in the first place. According to dermatologists, one of the best ways to prevent facial dark spots is by wearing sunscreen every day. Opt for a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30-50 in order to protect your skin, prevent the excessive production of melanin, and even more important, reduce your risk of skin cancer. Sun protection is essential for preventing dark spots.
It’s also important to follow a daily skincare routine to keep your skin clear and healthy. Since breakouts and skin trauma can contribute to dark spots on face, aim to keep your skin clean and blemish-free to prevent dark spots from forming.
Watch our tutorial on how to get rid of dark spots on face FAST:
Photo by RDNE Stock Project, Pexels